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venerdì 11 novembre 2016

Erba legale in California, Massachusetts, Maine e Nevada

Mentre il mondo si lacerava sulla vittoria di Donald Trump, una notizia è passata in sordina: in California si è votato per la legalizzazione della marijuana (proposta-64), ad uso ricreativo, ed ha vinto il ‘sì’: l’erba è legale

Così come in Massachusetts, Maine e Nevada, stesso quesito. Dunque, questi quattro stati si aggiungono ad Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Stato di Washington e Washington DC. Mentre in Florida, Montana, North Dakota ed Arkansas l’utilizzo della cannabis è diventato legale a scopo medico.
L’utilizzo dell’erba sarà, però, paragonato a quello dell’alcool: vietato ai minori di 21 anni, proibito in spazi pubblici e super tassato. I maggiorenni potranno possedere non oltre 28gr e crescere, in casa, solo 6 piante. Lo Stato potrà concedere licenze di vendita dell’erba, con tassazione al 15%.
La California è uno Stato pioniere nel campo della cannabis: nel 1996 divenne il primo a legalizzarne l’uso terapeutico. Nel 2007 Desert Hot Springs, nella Coachella Valley, è stata la prima città californiana ad autorizzare la coltivazione della marijuana a fini medici. Il sindaco, repubblicano, della città, Scott Matas, si è detto entusiasta per l’esito referendario: “Il 70% degli abitanti dei miei concittadini ha votato in favore della legalizzazione della coltivazione: la proposta 64 per noi sarà una grossa fonte di guadagno”. Dal 2013, in California il prezzo dei terreni agricoli è quasi quadruplicato e le tasse del settore potrebbero raggiungere $1mln. Lo ‘stato d’oro’ diventerà ‘stato verde’.

In California, l’erba è legale 10 novembre 2016 Marco Crestani

SAN FRANCISCO — California, Massachusetts and Nevada legalized marijuana on Tuesday in what advocates said was a reflection of the country’s changing attitude toward the drug.

Leading up to the election, recreational marijuana use was legal in four states: Alaska, Colorado, Oregon and Washington, along with Washington, D.C.

With the addition of California, Massachusetts and Nevada, the percentage of Americans living in states where marijuana use is legal for adults rose above 20 percent, from 5 percent.

Representative Earl Blumenauer, Democrat of Oregon and a supporter of legalization, said Tuesday’s votes would add to the pressure on the federal government to treat cannabis like alcohol, allowing each state to decide on its own regulations.

“The new administration is not going to want to continue this toxic and nonproductive war on drugs,” Mr. Blumenauer said.

The federal government’s ban on the drug precludes the interstate sale of cannabis, even among the states that have approved its use. But Tuesday’s votes created a marijuana bloc stretching down the West Coast, and Gavin Newsom, the lieutenant governor of California, said he saw an opportunity for the states where recreational marijuana is now legal to “coordinate and collaborate” on the issue, including applying pressure in Washington to relax the federal ban.

Gallup poll in October found nationwide support for legalization at 60 percent, the highest level in the 47 years the organization has tracked the issue.

Support is rising even though some public health experts warn that there have been insufficient studies of the drug’s effects and that law enforcement agencies lack reliable tests and protocols to determine whether a driver is impaired by marijuana.

Supporters in California portrayed legalization as both a social justice and a criminal justice issue, saying the measure would help redress the disproportionate numbers of arrests and convictions among minorities for drug crimes.

I think of this victory in California as a major victory,” said Lauren Mendelsohn, the chairwoman of the board of directors of Students for Sensible Drug Policy, a group that has campaigned against the government’s war on drugs. “It shows the whole country that prohibition is not the answer to the marijuana question.”

Ms. Mendelsohn spoke at a celebration in Oakland for the passage of Proposition 64, as California’s legalization measure was known.

Supporters of legalization in California vastly outspent opponents.

The California measure, which passed with 56 percent approval, allows people over 21 to possess limited amounts of marijuana for personal use and also permits the personal cultivation of up to six plants in private residences, provided they are shielded from public view. The sale of recreational marijuana will not be allowed until licenses are issued, a process that will take at least two years, said Steve DeAngelo, the founder of Harborside, a medical marijuana dispensary in Oakland.

California officials expect additional tax revenue of around $1 billion from marijuana sales. The revenue is earmarked for the study of medical marijuana, for the California Highway Patrol to develop procedures to determine driver impairment due to marijuana consumption, for youth education on drugs, and for the prevention of environmental damage from marijuana production, among other programs.

Support for legalization in California cut across all age groups except voters over 65, according to a Field poll released on Friday. Among those older voters, 42 percent were in favor, and 57 percent were against.

A large majority of Republicans in the poll, 65 percent, were against the measure, compared with 72 percent support among Democrats.

Support has been rising steadily since the 1960s, when only around 10 percent of California adults favored legalization, according to a 1969 Field poll, and legalization was the culmination of decades of campaigning by proponents. A measure to decriminalize marijuana in 1972 was soundly rejected in California, with 66.5 percent of voters opposed to it. In 1996, California voted to allow medical marijuana. But a 2010 measure to permit recreational use failed.

In addition to Tuesday’s votes on recreational marijuana, Arkansas, Florida, Montana and North Dakota had medical marijuana initiatives on the ballot. All four passed the legislation.

LOS ANGELES — The marijuana legalization movement scored its biggest victory yet Tuesday as voters in Massachusetts, California and Nevada approved recreational pot, making the drug fully legal in the nation’s most populous state and giving it a toehold in the densely populated Northeast.

The outcome of the vote in Maine, which also was considering recreational marijuana on the ballot, remained undecided early Wednesday.

Voters in Florida, North Dakota and Arkansas approved medical marijuana measures.

3 states OK recreational marijuana Paul Elias ASSOCIATED PRESS  

The final results of the referendum were tabled on Thursday. The count took nearly two days because of how close the race was, within a fraction of a percentage point, and The Associated Press made the call on Thursday afternoon.
Supporters had already declared themselves the winners and had predicted home cultivation of marijuana would be legal by around Christmas.
"The Maine people have passed it, and we should work on implementing it," said Republican state Senator Eric Brakey, of Auburn, who supported the ballot issue.
Medical marijuana was already legal in Maine.
People 21 or older will now be allowed to use up to 2 1/2 ounces of marijuana, and retail marijuana shops and social clubs could open around the state. Some municipalities have baulked at allowing such businesses to open in their communities.
Nevadans gave the green light to recreational marijuana Tuesday by passing Question 2 on the state’s ballot.
With 100 percent of precincts reporting, Question 2 was approved 602,400 (54.4 percent) to 503,615 (45.5 percent).
Starting Jan. 1, it will be legal for adults 21 and older in Nevada to possess up to an ounce of marijuana or up to one-eighth of an ounce of cannabis concentrate.
Nevada joined California and Massachusetts as states that passed recreational marijuana measures on Election Day, four years after Colorado and Washington became the first states in the U.S. to legalize the drug. 
It’s great news,” said Joe Brezny, spokesman for the political action committee Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol, which sponsored the measure. “The majority of Nevadans agreed that it’s time to end marijuana prohibition.”
Under the measure, the state’s Department of Taxation will have until Jan. 1, 2018, to adopt regulations implementing the law. Those regulations will address such things as licensing procedures and qualifications, requirements for security measures, product testing, packaging, record-keeping and tax collections.
“We’re not done. Now the work begins,” Brezny said. “We’ve got to work out the toughest regulations in the country and implement them in a socially responsible manner.”
Jimmy Stracner, spokesman for the opposing PAC Protecting Nevada’s Children, said he hopes the legislature focuses on keeping children in the state safe.
“Protecting Nevada’s Children would like to thank all of its supporters for a hard-fought campaign. Even though the voters have spoken and recreational marijuana will now become legal in our state, we hope the 2017 Nevada Legislature will pass regulations that will protect our children.”
A Review-Journal poll conducted by Bendixen & Amandi International between Oct. 20 and 23 showed the “Yes” vote leading 47 percent to 43 percent.
Protecting Nevada’s Children raised about $3.4 million, $3.3 million of which came from Las Vegas Sands chairman and CEO Sheldon Adelson.
Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol raised about $2.9 million this past year, making it a competitive advertising race down the stretch. Most of that money came from marijuana industry executives and other individuals with financial stakes in the industry.

Nevada voters say yes to legalizing marijuana November 9, 2016 COLTON LOCHHEAD LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL

Massachusetts voters on Tuesday legalized marijuana for recreational use, sweeping away more than a century of prohibition and opening the door to a massive new industry.
The vote means the drug will become legal for use on Dec. 15, and marijuana shops can open in 2018. It will pose an immediate challenge for the slow-moving state bureaucracy, which will need to quickly craft new laws and regulations to oversee what could soon be a billion-dollar business.
Voters approved the measure 53.6 percent to 46.4 percent with 96 percent of precincts reporting early Wednesday, according to unofficial results.
The passage of Question 4 came despite opposition from Governor Charlie Baker, Mayor Martin J. Walsh, and Cardinal Sean P. O’Malley who argued it would be a mistake to legalize a new drug while the state battles a scourge of opioid abuse and who said legalization would result in danger to public health and safety.

Massachusetts was one of five states considering legalization Tuesday. California voters approved legalization. Arizona voters rejected it, and the outcome in Maine remained too close to call as of early Wednesday.

Massachusetts has taken an historic step forward by ending the failed policy of marijuana prohibition,” said Mason Tvert of the Washington-based Marijuana Policy Project, which helped back the effort. “Voters chose to control marijuana rather than to continue forcing it into the underground market. Hopefully, Massachusetts will establish a system that can serve as an example for neighboring states, and others around the country.”
Over the course of the campaign advocates argued the measure would end an antiquated system that ensnared otherwise law-abiding citizens.
They insisted legalization would divert money from criminal syndicates to companies operating on the up and up, and would improve the health and safety of children by moving marijuana sales from the street to licensed stores that check IDs.
Those claims will be put to the test.
Some parts of life in Massachusetts are unlikely to change after Tuesday’s vote. Marijuana consumption remains banned in public places, and smoking it will still be prohibited anywhere tobacco smoking is forbidden. Landlords will be empowered to keep their tenants from smoking a joint at home.
But as soon as next month, a legal gray zone will settle over the state. The measure will allow the possession, use, and purchase of 1 ounce or less of marijuana for adults 21 and older starting on Dec. 15. But there’s no mechanism for buying marijuana for recreational use legally until Jan. 1, 2018, when retail shops can open for business. And marijuana remains illegal under federal law, adding complexities for the many Massachusetts organizations that receive federal funds.
State Senator Jason M. Lewis, a legalization opponent and an authority on the industry, said he fully accepts the will of the voters and that state officials “will move forward expeditously to implement the new law.”
But the Winchester Democrat said there are many important details that will be have to addresed by the Legislature and executive branch. And they will have to seek the views of public health experts, law enforcement, town, city and federal officials, the industry, and other people with a stake in the outcome.
“This work will be very complicated and time-consuming,” he said.
The voter-approved law creates a Cannabis Control Commission, an oversight body for the new industry. The three-member group will be appointed by state Treasurer Deborah B. Goldberg and is tasked with setting standards for everything from marijuana advertising to edibles, the marijuana-infused products like brownies that have proliferated in legalization states.
The commission will have also have to address other thorny issues. The law allows people to legally grow up to 12 marijuana plants per household — a significant amount. How will they keep that product from being diverted to the black market?
Municipal leaders must also begin to figure out how to deal with the new industry. They can limit, but not ban, retail stores, cultivation facilities, and marijuana manufacturers. Town or city leadership can call a referendum, however, and voters can decide whether to completely prohibit recreational marijuana businesses.
Mass. voters say ‘yes’ to legalizing marijuana Joshua Miller GLOBE STAFF  


Marijuana Legalization 2016: A Voter Guide 5 NOVEMBRE 2016

The Push for Corporate Cannabis 21 LUGLIO 2016

Dottor Cannabis 1 LUGLIO 2016

Medical cannabis for military veterans passes Congress 

21 MAGGIO 2016

Great Legalisation Movement, India 4 LUGLIO 2016

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